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A Comparative Study of Oswestry Back Pain Disability Questionnaire Versus Computer Adaptive Testing for Measuring Back Pain

한국전문물리치료학회지 2013년 20권 4호 p.22 ~ 31
최봉삼,
소속 상세정보
최봉삼 ( Choi Bong-Sam ) - 우송대학교 보건복지대학 물리치료학과

Abstract


The aim of the present study was to compare measurement precisions of the Oswestry Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (ODQ) and a computer adaptive testing (CAT) method. The ODQ has been regarded as one of the most reliable condition-specific measure for back pain for decades. Cross-sectional study was carried out with two independent convenient samples from two out-patient rehabilitation clinics for back pain (n1=42) and non-back pain group (n2=42). Participants were asked to fill out the ODQ and CAT of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Activity Measure (ICF-AM). A series of Rasch analyses were performed to calculate person ability measures. The CAT measures had greater relative precision in discriminating the groups than did the ODQ measure in comparisons of the relative precision. The CAT measure appears to be more effective than did the ODQ measure in terms of measurement precision. By administering test items calibrated in a way, CAT measures using item response theory may promise a means with measurement precision as well as efficiency.

키워드

Back pain; Computer adaptive testing; Item response theory; Measurement; Rasch model; Relative precision

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