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병원조직의 윤리풍토가 간호사의 직무만족, 조직몰입에 미치는 영향

Nurse’s Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment according to Hospital Ethical Climate Types

간호행정학회지 2013년 19권 4호 p.513 ~ 524
노윤구, 정면숙, 이영숙,
소속 상세정보
노윤구 ( Noh Yoon-Goo ) - 창원대학교 간호학과
정면숙 ( Jung Myun-Sook ) - 경상대학교 간호대학
이영숙 ( Lee Young-Sook ) - 경상대학교병원

Abstract


Purpose: This study was conducted to identify ethical climate factors in hospitals and analyze their influence on job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

Methods: A convenience sample of 196 nurses from one national university hospital in J city participated in this descriptive study survey. Instruments included the Ethical Climate Questionnaire, Job Satisfaction Scale, and Organizational Commitment Scale. Cronbach’s ± and factor analysis were done to test reliability and construct validity of the scales. Data were collected from March 15 to March 25, 2013 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 18.0.

Results: Seven ethical climate factors were identified; laws and professional codes, social responsibility, company rules and procedures, self-interest, personal morality, efficiency, and friendship. Factors influencing job satisfaction were friendship (β=.25), social responsibility (β=.20), laws and professional codes (β=.20), and educational level (β=.27), explaining 37.6% of variance in job satisfaction. Factors influencing organizational commitment included social responsibility (β=.29), friendship (β=.27), laws and professional codes (β=.23), and age (β=.19), with explanatory power of 44.6%.

Conclusion: Results can be used as preliminary data for developing new strategies to establish positive ethical climates in hospital environments and thus enhance nurses’ job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

키워드

윤리풍토; 직무만족; 조직몰입; 간호사
Ethical climates; Job satisfaction; Organization commitment; Nurses

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