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생약복합물 용매추출물과 조다당획분의 생리활성

The Physiological Activity of Crude Polysaccharide Solvent Extracted from Herbal Medicine Mixture

한국식품영양학회지 2021년 34권 1호 p.36 ~ 46
신현영, 김훈, 신지영, 이수정, 유광원,
소속 상세정보
신현영 ( Shin Hyun-Young ) - Korea University Department of Integrated Biomedical and Life Science
김훈 ( Kim Hoon ) - Kyung Hee University Skin Biotechnology Center
신지영 ( Shin Ji-Young ) - Cosis-Bio Co. Ltd.
이수정 ( Lee Sue-Jung ) - Kyonggi University Department of Food Science and Biotechnology
유광원 ( Yu Kwang-Won ) - Korea National University of Transportation Major in Food and Nutrition

Abstract


After ethanol (BM-E and RW-E) and hot-water (BM-HW and RW-HW) extracts were fractionated from two herbal mixtures (BM and RW), their physiological activities were investigated. All extracts consisted of more than 50% of neutral sugar, with their total polyphenol levels higher than flavonoid levels. Radical scavenging activities of EtOH extracts remained significantly higher compared to that of hot-water extracts, and in particular, RW-E showed consistently higher antioxidant activity than BM-E. When anti-inflammatory activities of the extracts were evaluated by LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells at 10~500 μg/mL non-cytotoxicity doses, BM-E showed significantly higher levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and nitric oxide inhibitory activity than those of hot-water extracts and RW-E. Murine peritoneal macrophage cells were shown to be enhanced in crude polysaccharides (BM-CP and RW-CP fractionated from BM-HW and RW-HW) compared to hot-water extracts and polysaccharide K (PSK, positive control). Especially, RW-CP exhibited higher activity than BM-CP, and component sugar analysis showed that BM-CP mainly contained galacturonic acid, glucose, arabinose, galactose, and xylose (34.5%, 33.9%, 16.1%, 7.1%, and 6.3%, respectively), whereas RW-CP showed different measurements (29.5%, 59.2%, 5.0%, 4.5%, and 0.2%). In conclusion, two herbal mixtures could contain varying sets of physiological activities dependent on different extraction and fractionation methods.

키워드

herbal medicine; solvent extract; anti-oxidant activity; anti-inflammatory activity; macrophage-stimulating activity

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