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한국, 중국, 미국 소비자들의 에너지 바에 대한 인식 및 소비 행동 비교 연구

A Comparative Study on the Perception and Consumption Behaviors of Korean, Chinese, and US Consumers for Energy bars

한국식생활문화학회지 2020년 35권 4호 p.333 ~ 341
오지은, 운혜려,
소속 상세정보
오지은 ( Oh Ji-Eun ) - Ewha Womans University College of Science & Industry Convergence
운혜려 ( Yoon Hei-Ryeo ) - Kongju National University Major in Food Service Management and Nutrition

Abstract


This study evaluated the perception, consumption behavior, and optional attributes of Korean, Chinese, and U.S. consumers of energy bar products. Data were compared and analyzed by surveying 300 consumers in each country. Significant differences were observed in preference for energy bars according to their nationality, in the order China, theU.S., and Korea. Perception of taste, types and dietary suitability of the products ranked lower for Korean consumers, ascompared to consumers of the United States and China. The order dietary fiber, protein, and calcium were the sought-afternutritional requirements of the products. The demand for protein was significantly higher in the U.S. Calcium demand waslow in the United States and China, but was very high in Korea, which could be attributed to the low calcium intake ofKoreans. Other optional attributes which were closely associated with the purchase and re-purchase decision, included price,taste and delivery period. All three factors were recognized as important options in Korea, whereas awareness of packaging/appearance and brand was not. The taste, nutrients and price in the U.S. ranked high as important optional attributes, whilethe packaging, external and expiration dates were recognized as low. Unlike Korea and the U.S., important optionalattributes for Chinese consumers were determined in the order expiration date, taste, and nutrients, and showed lowperception for packaging, appearance, weight, counts, and prices. Evaluating the preference for the main and secondaryingredients, Koreans preferred nuts over grains, Americans preferred dried fruits over nuts, and Chinese preferred nuts andgrains; both Korean and American consumers had low preference for dried vegetables. The preference for chocolate was lowin Korea and China, whereas preference for jelly was high in China as compared to Korea and the U.S. The intention ofpurchasing energy bars was significantly lower in Korea than in the U.S. and China. A variety of nutritious functional barshave recently been distributed and sold in Korea, but they are mostly produced in the U.S., which is the largest producerand consumer worldwide. Taken together, results of this study indicate that the demand for nutritional enhancement andpreferred materials vary according to the nationality. Hence, it is necessary to develop products that reflect these criteria. Further research is required to analyze the relationship between preference and consumption behavior for each materialproduct developed in the future.

키워드

Energy bar; consumption behavior; optional attribute

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