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Questionnaire Survey of the Methods Used in Household Doenjang Production in Korea

한국식생활문화학회지 2020년 35권 4호 p.342 ~ 350
류소영, 이상윤, 우소영, 강승윤, 송정훈, 정아영, 전향숙,
소속 상세정보
류소영 ( Ryu So-Young ) - Chung-Ang University School of Food Science and Technology
이상윤 ( Lee Sang-Yoo ) - Chung-Ang University School of Food Science and Technology
우소영 ( Woo So-Young ) - Chung-Ang University School of Food Science and Technology
강승윤 ( Kang Seung-Yoon ) - Chung-Ang University School of Food Science and Technology
송정훈 ( Song Jeong-Hun ) - Chung-Ang University School of Food Science and Technology
정아영 ( Jeong A-Yeong ) - Chung-Ang University School of Food Science and Technology
전향숙 ( Chun Hyang-Sook ) - Chung-Ang University School of Food Science and Technology

Abstract


This study examined the methods used in household doenjang (Korean soybean paste) production. Nine hundred fortythreeresponses were obtained using a nationwide, questionnaire-based survey (2018-2019) with non-probabilisticsnowballing sampling. Consistent with previous studies, the respondents were primarily over the age of 50 years (97.1%)and female (97.9%). In addition to soybeans, the most used ingredients were red pepper (85.8%) and charcoal (85.5%),which most respondents obtained through direct farming (50.4-59.9%). Seasonal production occurred later in the higherlatitude regions (Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do, Chungcheong-do) (p < 0.01), which have lower average temperatures, andthe fermentation period was shorter in the lower latitude regions (Jeolla-do, Gyeongsang-do, Jeju-do) (p < 0.01), whichhave higher average temperatures. There were no significant regional differences in the season when doenjang was made,with most production occurring during January and February (81.1%). Most respondents (71.3%) made doenjang usinghomemade meju (soybean block used as a starter) in a traditional way to allow the microorganisms to be naturallyinoculated. These results could be used as a basis for future research on topics such as starter development, standardizedproduction, and safety of household doenjang.

키워드

Doenjang;method; questionnaire; survey; household

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