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2013-2017 국민건강영양조사 자료에 근거한 미세먼지 오염도가 높은 지역의40세 이상 성인남성의 식생활과 건강관련 특성 및 질환 상관성 분석

Analysis of Dietary and Health Characteristics and Disease Correlation of Adult Men Aged 40 in Areas with High Levels of Fine Dust Pollution based on the 2013-2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data

한국식생활문화학회지 2020년 35권 4호 p.363 ~ 370
유다솜, 강남이, 임희정, 장세은, 오윤신,
소속 상세정보
유다솜 ( Yu Da-Som ) - Eulji University Department of Food and Nutrition
강남이 ( Kang Nam-E ) - Eulji University Department of Food and Nutrition
임희정 ( Lim Hee-Jung ) - Eulji University Department of Dental Hygiene
장세은 ( Jang Se-Eun ) - Eulji University Department of Food and Nutrition
오윤신 ( Oh Yoon-Sin ) - Eulji University Department of Food and Nutrition

Abstract


This study analyzed the health characteristics and comorbidity of adult men aged 40 years by dividing them into a controlgroup of those without any disease related to fine dust and a patient group with one or more diseases related to fine dustin areas with high levels of fine dust pollution using the sixth and seventh Korea National Health andNutrition Examination Survey (2013-2017). Among the general characteristics, the mean age of the patient group wassignificantly older than that of the control group (p<0.001), and in terms of the health-related characteristics, the frequencyof breakfast consumption in the patient group was higher than in the control group (p<0.043). The body measurementswere similar in the patient and control groups. Regarding the prevalence of comorbidity, the patient group showed a higherprevalence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and diabetes than the control group,but the differences were not statistically significant. On the other hand, the prevalence of other cancers (except stomachcancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, and cervical cancer) in the patient group was higher than in the controlgroup (p<0.05). In terms of the clinical characteristics, the glycated hemoglobin levels in the patient group were significantlyhigher than in the control group (p<0.048). Information on nutrition and health in areas with frequent occurrences of finedust was obtained through the study results, which can be used as basic data for measures of health and diet managementagainst diseases that will increase in relation to fine dust.

키워드

Fine dust; Korea national health and nutrition examination survey; nutrition and health information; disease correlation

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