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어린이 영양지수(NQ)를 이용한광주 지역 일부 고학년 초등학생의 영양상태 평가

Evaluation of the Nutritional Status of High-Grade Elementary School Students in Gwangju using Nutrition Quotient

한국식생활문화학회지 2020년 35권 4호 p.371 ~ 381
조희연, 김경윤, 윤정미,
소속 상세정보
조희연 ( Jo Hee-Yoen ) - Chonnam National University Graduation School of Education Major in Nutrition Education
김경윤 ( Kim Kyoung-Yun ) - Chonnam National University Department of Food and Nutrition
윤정미 ( Yun Jung-Mi ) - Chonnam National University Department of Food and Nutrition

Abstract


This study was conducted to evaluate the overall dietary habits and nutritional status of 294 elementary school studentslocated in Gwangju using the NUTRILITE nutrition quotient (NQ). The NQ score of the subjects was 59.5 out of 100, whichcorresponds to the level requiring “monitoring”. Compared to the 64.4 score of students in the 5th and 6th grades of sixmetropolitan cities, the scores of the present subjects were lower. The NQ components were 57.4 for balance factors, 52.4for moderation factors, 55.0 for diversification factors, 57.6 for practice factors, and 80.1 for environmental factors. Regarding the characteristics according to the NQ level, the score (61.5 in 7 times/wk vs. 55.3 in 1-2 or none times/wk)tended to be higher in subjects who frequently eat with their families (p<0.001). In conclusion, nutrition education shouldbe provided to students to increase the frequency of meals with their families, to develop a habit of exercising regularly, andreduce the consumption of ramen, cookies, and processed drinks that are frequently consumed. These results can be usedas basic data to develop nutrition education programs to improve the dietary habits and nutritional status of students inGwangju.

키워드

Nutrition quotient; Gwangju; nutrition education; student; food intake

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