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특수교사가 인식하는 자폐범주성장애 아동의식행동 및 식품기호도와 영양교육 요구도

Mealtime Behavior and Food Preferences of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Nutrition Education Needs Perceived by Special Education Teachers

한국식생활문화학회지 2021년 36권 1호 p.40 ~ 55
최수진, 오지은, 김유리, 김유리,
소속 상세정보
최수진 ( Choi Su-Jin ) - Ewha Womans University Department of Nutritional Sciences and Food Management
오지은 ( Oh Ji-Eun ) - Ewha Womans University College of Science and Industry Convergence
김유리 ( Kim Yu-Ri ) - Ewha Womans University Department of Special Education
김유리 ( Kim Yu-Ri ) - Ewha Womans University Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to provide basic information on the development of nutrition education programs toimprove the mealtime behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by investigating the mealtime behavior andfood preferences of children with ASD through the perception of special education teachers. Surveys were given to 108special education teachers in special education schools in Korea regarding the demographic characteristics, nutritioneducation support needs, mealtime behavior, and food preferences of children with ASD. Most of the special educationteachers responded that nutrition education in special schools had not been conducted properly and nutrition education forASD children is necessary. Mealtime behavior analysis classified the behavior into three clusters: cluster 1, ‘less problematicmealtime behavior’; cluster 2, ‘general feature of autism’; cluster 3, ‘difficulty in self-directed diet’. The age, eating habits, andfood preferences were different according to each mealtime behavior cluster. Therefore, it will be necessary to develop anutrition education program based on the characteristics of mealtime behavior.

키워드

Autism spectrum disorder; mealtime behavior; nutrition education; special education teacher

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