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Sub-Health Status Survey and Influential Factor Analysis in Chinese during Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2021년 51권 1호 p.5 ~ 14
Pan Yanbin, Yan Jianlong, Lu Wanxian, Shan Miaohang,
소속 상세정보
 ( Pan Yanbin ) - The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University Department of Intensive Care Unit
 ( Yan Jianlong ) - Jinan University First Clinical Medical College
 ( Lu Wanxian ) - The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University Department of Intensive Care Unit
 ( Shan Miaohang ) - The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University Department of Intensive Care Unit

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to investigate sub-health status (SHS) of people living in China during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 is a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infection-induced acute infectious disease, which is featured by universal susceptibility and strong infectivity, and SHS (a status of low quality health) refers to a status of low-quality health. COVID-19 has gradually developed into a global pandemic, making the public in a high stress situation in physiological, psychological and social states in the short term.

Methods: From March 6 to 11, 2020, a large-scale cross-sectional survey was conducted by convenient sampling, and SHS assessment scale was used in the questionnaire. The ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors affecting SHS.

Results: In this study, 17,078 questionnaires were delivered with 16,820 effective questionnaires collected, and 10,715 subjects (63.7%) were found with SHS, with moderate SHS primarily. Physiological sub-scale scored the highest, followed by psychological and social sub-scales. Ordinal logistic regression analysis indicated that male, only-child, workers and farmers were risk factors of SHS. Protective factors of SHS included living in rural areas and townships, laid-off retirees and education degree.

Conclusion: It shows many people in China place in a poor health status during COVID-19 pandemic. It is necessary that relevant departments pay more attention to people with poor health such as males, only-child, urban people, workers and farmers, and groups with high education degree during and after pandemic stabilization.

키워드

COVID-19; Sub-health; Cross-Sectional Studies

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