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Adherence to Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Eating Plan and Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Adults

Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 2021년 27권 1호 p.78 ~ 86
설상영, 차재황, Esmaillzadeh Ahmad, Adibi Peyman,
소속 상세정보
설상영 ( Seol Sang-Young ) - Tehran University of Medical Sciences Students’ Scientific Research Center
차재황 ( Cha Jae-Hwang ) - University of Alberta Department of Medicine
 ( Esmaillzadeh Ahmad ) - Tehran University of Medical Sciences School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics Department of Community Nutrition
 ( Adibi Peyman ) - Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center

Abstract


Background/Aims: Despite huge evidence on the link between adherence to dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) eating pattern and several metabolic abnormalities, the association of this diet with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has not been investigated so far. We aim to examine the association between adherence to the DASH diet and prevalence of IBS symptoms and subtypes in adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among 3362 adult people in Isfahan, Iran. Usual dietary intakes were assessed using a validated 106-item dish-based semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. To investigate participants’ adherence to DASH-style diet, we created DASH score based on 8 main foods and nutrients emphasized or minimized in the DASH diet. Participants were classified into 3 categories according to their DASH-style diet scores. A validated modified Persian version of the Rome III questionnaire was applied for assessment of IBS.

Results: Totally, 22.2% of study participants were affected by IBS. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, we found that participants in the highest tertile of DASH score had lower odds of IBS (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.50-0.83) compared with those in the lowest tertile. The same findings were also reached for IBS with constipation (OR for the highest vs the lowest tertile of DASH-style diet = 0.56; 95% CI, 0.38-0.85). No significant association was seen between adherence to DASH-style diet and IBS with diarrhea (OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 0.83-2.06).

Conclusions: We found a significant inverse association between adherence to DASH dietary pattern and odds of IBS and IBS with constipation. Further prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

키워드

Adult; Dietary approaches to stop hypertension; Iran; Irritable bowel syndrome

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