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Content Analysis of the Meaning of Spiritual Care as Perceived by Nursing Students

한국호스피스완화의료학회지 2020년 23권 3호 p.151 ~ 161
신선화, 김현영, 우희영, 이명남, 김예진,
소속 상세정보
신선화 ( Shin Sun-Hwa ) - Sahmyook University College of Nursing
김현영 ( Kim Hyeon-Young ) - Sahmyook University College of Nursing
우희영 ( Woo Hee-Yeong ) - Sahmyook Health University School of Nursing
이명남 ( Lee Myung-Nam ) - Kangwon National University Department of Nursing
김예진 ( Kim Ye-Jean ) - Sahmyook Health University School of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to describe the meaning of spiritual care as perceived by nursing students.

Methods: This study used a descriptive research design, and the participants were 126 fourth-year nursing students from three nursing colleges. Data were collected from August to September 2019, and were analyzed using the content analysis method.

Results: Four themes of spiritual care with 15 sub-themes were extracted from the content analysis: 1) “promoting spiritual well-being” (sub-themes: “providing religious help”, “caring for the patient as a spiritual being”, and “presupposing human dignity regardless of religion”); 2) “taking place in actual nursing practice” (representative sub-themes: “considering the perspective of the patient”, “reducing suffering”); 3) “caring for the multifaceted needs of human beings” (representative sub-themes: “providing physical, mental, and spiritual care”, “caring for both the mental and physical health of the patient”), and 4) “growing together” (sub-themes: “positively affecting patient well-being”, “beginning with the nurse’s selftranscendence”).

Conclusion: These results suggest that nursing students consider spiritual care to be a highly positive and practical form of nursing care. However, because few students have been exposed to religion and spirituality, more systematic training should be provided.

키워드

Spirituality; Nursing; Students; Perception

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