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한국 대학생의 코로나19에 대한 지식, 위험인식, 주관적 규범, 지각된 행동 통제력이 코로나19에 대한 예방행동 의도와 실천에 미치는 영향

Effects of COVID-19 knowledge, risk perception, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control on preventive action intentions and preventive action practices in college students

보건교육건강증진학회지 2021년 38권 1호 p.25 ~ 36
김용범, 윤태훈, 손애리,
소속 상세정보
김용범 ( Kim Yong-Bum ) - Sahmyook University Graduate School of Public Health
윤태훈 ( Yoon Tae-Hoon ) - Sahmyook University Graduate School of Public Health
손애리 ( Sohn Ae-Ree ) - Sahmyook University Department of Public Health

Abstract


Objectives: This study aims to understand the relationship between the perception of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and preventive actions among college students in South Korea.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted via a questionnaire by an online survey. We used T-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression Analysis to analyze the data.

Results: A correlation was found between preventive behavioral intentions and preventive behavioral actions (r=0.686, p=.01). Social stigma was the most significant factor of COVID-19 risk perception. Likewise, behavioral control was significant for COVID-19 preventive behavioral intentions.

Conclusion: University students in South Korea found it difficult to keep social distance compared to other preventive actions such as wearing masks and washing hands. Thus active communications and campaigns led by the government should be promoted for university studetns in order to emphasize the importance of social distancing which will result in prevention for further spread of COVID-19.

키워드

COVID-19; prevention; risk perception; preventive behavior intentions; preventive action practice

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