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상한론(傷寒論)에서 환제의 크기와 복용방법

The Size and Administration Method of Pill preparation in Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases

대한본초학회지 2021년 36권 1호 p.51 ~ 57
김인락,
소속 상세정보
김인락 (  ) - Dongeui University College of Oriental Medicine Department of Herbology

Abstract


Objects : In this study, I aimed to determine the size and administration Method of pills preparation in Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases.

Methods : I investigated the Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases, Newly Revised Materia Medica, Variorum of the Classic of Materia Medica, The Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia, and recent studies.

Results : There were four kinds of pills preparation. Each size of pill preparation was equal to the Odongja, Tanwhan, Yolk, and quarter of daily dosage of Decoction. One pill of Tanwhan was equivalent to 16 pills of Odongja, and one Yolk was equal to 40 pills of Odongja. The Diameter of Odongja was 6.5 mm, Tanwhan was 16.37897 mm, and Yolk was 22.11484 mm. Jeodangwhan was equal to one quarter daily dosage of Jeodangtang. Maximum size to swallow with water was Odongja and daily dosage, which was 16 pills, includes one square-inch-spoon of powder preparation.
When we made the pill preparation, it is difficult to make 16 pills using one square-inch-spoon of powder. Therefore, Zhang Zhongjing made one dosage started from 10 pills to 20 pills to find out optimum dose. Due to the difficulty of making precise size of pills and considerable amount of daily dosage, there was no smaller size than Odongja. When the size of Pill preparation was larger than Odongja, it was ground or boiled slightly to make suspensions.

Conclusions : These results suggest that the sizes of Pill preparation in the Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases were true compared with reality.

키워드

Pill Preparation; Size; Administration Method; Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases

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