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Molecular mechanism of Escherichia coli H10407 induced diarrhoea and its control through immunomodulatory action of bioactives from Simarouba amara (Aubl.)

Journal of Microbiology 2021년 59권 4호 p.435 ~ 447
Veena Hegde, Gowda Sandesh K., Achur Rajeshwara N., Thippeswamy Nayaka Boramuthi,
소속 상세정보
 ( Veena Hegde ) - Kuvempu University Department of Microbiology
 ( Gowda Sandesh K. ) - Niranthara Scientific Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
 ( Achur Rajeshwara N. ) - Kuvempu University Department of Biochemistry
 ( Thippeswamy Nayaka Boramuthi ) - Kuvempu University Department of Microbiology

Abstract


Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection is a major cause of death in children under the age of five in developing countries. ETEC (O78:H11:CFA/I:LT+:ST+) mechanism has been studied in detail with either heat labile (LT) or heat stable (ST) toxins using in vitro and in vivo models. However, there is no adequate information on ETEC pathogenesis producing both the toxins (LT, ST) in BALB/c mice model. In this study, female mice have been employed to understand ETEC H10407 infection induced changes in physiology, biochemical and immunological patterns up to seven days post-infection and the antidiarrhoeal effect of Simarouba amara (Aubl.) bark aqueous extract (SAAE) has also been looked into. The results indicate that BALB/c is sensitive to ETEC infection resulting in altered jejunum and ileum histomorphology. Withal, ETEC influenced cAMP, PGE2, and NO production resulting in fluid accumulation with varied Na+, K+, Cl?, and Ca2+ levels. Meanwhile, ETEC subverted expression of IL-1β, intestine alkaline phosphatase (IAP), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in jejunum and ileum. Our data also indicate the severity of pathogenesis reduction which might be due to attainment of equilibrium after reaching optimum rate of infection. Nevertheless, degree of pathogenesis was highly significant (p < 0.01) in all the studied parameters. Besides that, SAAE was successful in reducing the infectious diarrhoea by inhibiting ETEC H10407 in intestine (jejunum and ileum), and shedding in feces. SAAE decreased cAMP, PGE2, and fluid accumulation effectively and boosted the functional activity of immune system in jejunum and ileum IAP, MPO, IL-1β, and nitric oxide.

키워드

ETEC H10407; intestine alkaline phosphatase; cAMP; PGE2; nitric oxide; IL-1β; MPO; S. amara (Aubl.) bark

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