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Antipsychotic Polypharmacy in Treatment of Schizophrenia; Should or Should Not?

Chonnam Medical Journal 2020년 56권 3호 p.157 ~ 165
배지은,
소속 상세정보
배지은 ( Pae Chi-Un ) - Catholic University College of Medicine Department of Psychiatry

Abstract


Antipsychotics have been utilized as the standard treatment for schizophrenia regardless of illness phase where antipsychotic monotherapy (APM) is routinely recommended as the gold standard rather than antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP). However, approximately 20 to 40% of patients with schizophrenia do not respond to APM based on randomized controlled clinical trials and large practical clinical trials indicating that the subgroup of patients with schizophrenia would need differential treatment approaches beyond traditional treatment strategies such as APM. Numerous studies have supported the use of APP in particular for patients with certain clinical situations including: failure to show efficacy or tolerability from treatment with APM, need for different treatment for targeting specific symptom domains, severe illness, failure to treatment with clozapine, skepticism about following treatment guidelines, or cross titration periods. Furthermore, recent large cohort studies and practical clinical trials have proposed more benefits of APP rather than APM in terms of rehospitalization, mortality, and specific symptoms. APP has recently become more widely utilized and recognized as one of the next treatment strategies to clinicians for patients with schizophrenia. Some experts have already proposed the revision of treatment guidelines incorporating APP as evidence-based treatment option for certain patients with schizophrenia. Taken together, APP now deserves an evidence-based and acceptable treatment strategy, not an empirical or preferential treatment approach for treatment of schizophrenia in contemporary clinical practice.

키워드

Antipsychotic Agents; Polypharmacy; Schizophrenia; Cohort Studies

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