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인천 지역에 유통 중인 향신식물 및 향신료가공품 잔류농약 안전성 조사

Monitoring of Pesticide Residues on Herbs and Spices in the Incheon Metropolitan Area

한국식품위생안전성학회지 2021년 36권 1호 p.60 ~ 67
여은영, 정승혜, 장진섭, 권성희, 박병규, 이수연, 박정은, 서순재, 김정임, 김명희, 주광식, 허명제,
소속 상세정보
여은영 ( Yeo Eun-Young ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Namchon Agri-fishery Products Inspection
정승혜 ( Jung Seung-Hye ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Samsan Agricultural Products Inspection
장진섭 ( Jang Jin-Seob ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Namchon Agri-fishery Products Inspection
권성희 ( Kwon Sung-Hee ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Samsan Agricultrual Producs Inspection
박병규 ( Park Byung-Kyu ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Samsan Agricultrual Producs Inspection
이수연 ( Lee Soo-Yeon ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Namchon Agri-fishery Products Inspection
박정은 ( Park Jeong-Eun ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Namchon Agri-fishery Products Inspection
서순재 ( Seo Soon-Jae ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Samsan Agricultrual Producs Inspection
김정임 ( Kim Jung-Im ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Namchon Agri-fishery Products Inspection
김명희 ( Kim Meyong-Hee ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Namchon Agri-fishery Products Inspection
주광식 ( Joo Kwang-Sig ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Samsan Agricultural Products Inspection
허명제 ( Hur Myung-Je ) - Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment Division of Namchon Agri-fishery Products Inspection

Abstract

본 연구에서는 시중에 유통 중인 향신식물 및 향신료가공품의 안전성을 확보하기 위하여 인천광역시 지역의 농산물 도매시장, 대형마트 및 온라인 마켓에서 수거한 향신식물 및 향신료가공품 112건을 대상으로 다종농약다성분분석법으로 검사 가능한 잔류농약 400종을 검사하였다. 품목별수거현황은 허브류(생것) 57건, 허브류(건조) 32건, 향신열매11건, 향신씨 6건, 기타향신식물 4건, 향신뿌리 2건이며, 허브류(생것)(50.9%) 및 허브류(건조)(28.6%)로 많은 비중을 차지하였다. 잔류농약은 전체 112건 중 4건이 잔류허용기준이내로 검출되어 3.6%의 검출률을 보였으며 기준을 초과한농산물은 13건(11.6%)이었다. 총 11종의 농약성분이 검출되었고 검출된 작물은 바질, 고수, 딜, 레몬밤, 레몬그라스, 민트, 타임, 로즈마리, 카디멈이었다.
향신식물의 잔류농약 검출 결과, 잔류허용기준이 설정되어 있는 농약의 잔류량이 허용기준 이하인 것은 농약 안전사용기준인 농약의 살포량, 살포횟수, 살포시기를 기준에 맞게 사용된 것으로 추측된다. 농약 안전사용기준을 준수하지 않으면 부적합 처리될 가능성이 많아지게 되므로재배농가들이 농약사용지침을 반드시 준수하도록 지도 감독을 강화해야 할 것이다. 향신식물의 잔류농약 안전성을확보하기 위해서는 지속적인 모니터링을 통해 잔류허용기준(MRLs) 설정이 필요하다고 판단된다.

In this study we investigated pesticide residues on herbs and spices disrtibuted in the Incheon Metropolitan area. A total of 112 samples were purchased from off-line and on-line markets from January to October 2020. In accordance with the implementation of the Positive List System (PLS), the proper usage of pesticides is now being enforced. It is assumed that unregistered pesticides are being used on herbs and spices due to the low number of registered pesticides in the agricultural industry. Pesticide residue levels were not detected in 99 samples but 11 kinds of pesticides in 6 samples (13 times) exceeded the MRLs. The pesticides that were used in accordance with the PLS were Diazinon, Diethofencarb and Pyridalyl. However, unregistered pesticides were on the herbs and spices. Therefore, it is necessary to educate producers of herbs and spices on the appropriate use of pesticides. It is also necessary to establish MRLs on herbs and spices.

키워드

Herbs and Spices products; Pesticide residues; MRLs

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