잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Induced neural stem cells from human patient-derived fibroblasts attenuate neurodegeneration in Niemann-Pick type C mice

Journal of Veterinary Science 2021년 22권 1호 p.7 ~ 7
Hong Saet-Byul, 이승은, 강인성, 양제훈, 김헌년, 김제윤, 강경선,
소속 상세정보
 ( Hong Saet-Byul ) - Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine
이승은 ( Lee Seung-Eun ) - Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine
강인성 ( Kang In-Sung ) - Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine
양제훈 ( Yang Je-Hoon ) - Samsung Medical Center Animal Research and Molecular Imaging Center
김헌년 ( Kim Hun-Nyun ) - Samsung Medical Center Animal Research and Molecular Imaging Center
김제윤 ( Kim Je-Yun ) - Samsung Medical Center Animal Research and Molecular Imaging Center
강경선 ( Kang Kyung-Sun ) - Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine

Abstract


Background: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is caused by the mutation of NPC genes, which leads to the abnormal accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and glycolipids in lysosomes. This autosomal recessive disease is characterized by liver dysfunction, hepatosplenomegaly, and progressive neurodegeneration. Recently, the application of induced neural stem cells (iNSCs), converted from fibroblasts using specific transcription factors, to repair degenerated lesions has been considered a novel therapy.

Objectives: The therapeutic effects on NPC by human iNSCs generated by our research group have not yet been studied in vivo; in this study, we investigate those effects.

Methods: We used an NPC mouse model to efficiently evaluate the therapeutic effect of iNSCs, because neurodegeneration progress is rapid in NPC. In addition, application of human iNSCs from NPC patient-derived fibroblasts in an NPC model in vivo can give insight into the clinical usefulness of iNSC treatment. The iNSCs, generated from NPC patient-derived fibroblasts using the SOX2 and HMGA2 reprogramming factors, were transplanted by intracerebral injection into NPC mice.

Results: Transplantation of iNSCs showed positive results in survival and body weight change in vivo. Additionally, iNSC-treated mice showed improved learning and memory in behavior test results. Furthermore, through magnetic resonance imaging and histopathological assessments, we observed delayed neurodegeneration in NPC mouse brains.

Conclusions: iNSCs converted from patient-derived fibroblasts can become another choice of treatment for neurodegenerative diseases such as NPC.

키워드

Neural stem cells; cell transplantation; Niemann-Pick disease type C; neurodegenerative diseases

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

  

등재저널 정보