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노인혐오에 대한 진화론적 개념분석

An evolutionary concept analysis of gerontophobia

노인간호학회지 2021년 23권 1호 p.1 ~ 12
이여주, 송준아,
소속 상세정보
이여주 ( Lee Yeo-Ju ) - Shingyeong University Department of Nursing
송준아 ( Song Jun-Ah ) - Korea University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the concept of gerontophobia.

Methods: Rodgers’ evolutionary method of concept analysis was used. A search was conducted using the RISS and ProQuest databases from 1969 to 2019, using the keywords of “gerontophobia,” “ageism,” and “ageism experience.” Finally, 26 relevant literature were selected.

Results: Attributes of gerontophobia were found to consist of the three following dimensions: verbal violence, elderly discriminations (i.e., inter-generations, employment, and medical-service discriminations), and social exclusion. Antecedents of gerontophobia include a negative perception of the elderly (physical, psychological, and social factors), forced stigma, and hostility toward the elderly. Consequences of gerontophobia include health problems (to one’s physical and psychological health), elderly abuse, and elderly avoidance.

Conclusion: Gerontophobia is an important concept greatly affecting the quality of nursing for the elderly. Further studies are needed to confirm or refine the findings obtained from this study and to eventually develop nursing curriculum or continuing education programs to resolve negative perceptions of the elderly.

키워드

노인; 연령주의; 폭력; 분석
Aged; Ageism; Violence; Analysis

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