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행동심리증상을 보이는 치매환자를 돌보는 간호사의 공감 유형

Types of Empathy among Nurses Caring for Patients with Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia

가정간호학회지 2020년 27권 3호 p.306 ~ 320
김근면, 이옥균, 이정란, 강옥희, 정영화, 장수정,
소속 상세정보
김근면 ( Kim Geun-Myun ) - Gangneung-Wonju National University Department of Nursing
이옥균 ( Lee Ok-Kyun ) - Gangneung-Wonju National University Graduate School Department of Nursing
이정란 ( Lee Jeoung-Ran ) - Gangneung-Wonju National University Graduate School Department of Nursing
강옥희 ( Kang Ok-Hee ) - Gangneung-Wonju National University Graduate School Department of Nursing
정영화 ( Jeong Young-Hwa ) - Gangneung-Wonju National University Graduate School Department of Nursing
장수정 ( Chang Soo-Jung ) - Gangneung-Wonju National University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to explore the subjective perception structures and types of empathy among nurses caring for patients with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) using Q-methodology.

Methods: Thirty-eight Q-samples (statements) were derived from in-depth interviews with 10 nurses working in long-term care hospitals and nursing homes. The Q-sorting was conducted in rank order (the responses obtained by each of the 30 nurses working at 3 long-term care hospitals and 4 nursing homes) into a normal distribution grid (from ?4 to +4). The types of empathy among participants were analyzed using the PC-QUANL program.

Results: Five types of empathy accounting for 48.5% of the total variance were categorized as follows: (1) taking the patients’ personality into consideration while helping, (2) interacting closely and emotionally, (3) supporting the patient as a companion, (4) performing the duty in a defensive manner, and (5) resolving patients’ problems by focusing on their needs.

Conclusion: This study shows that there are various types of empathy in nurses caring for patients with BPSD. Therefore, it is necessary to develop strategies and educative programs to enhance empathy competency and deal with burnout based on the type of empathy.

키워드

치매; 공감; 간호사; 노인요양시설
Dementia; Empathy; Nurses; Nursing homes

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