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Body Mass Index와 연령에 따른 흡연력과 폐기능의 관련성 연구: 국민건강영양조사

The Relationship between Smoking and Pulmonary Function Test by Body Mass Index and Age: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey

대한임상건강증진학회지 2020년 20권 4호 p.151 ~ 155
최지수, 박은주, 설재웅,
소속 상세정보
최지수 ( Choi Ji-Su ) - Eulji University College of Health Science Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences
박은주 ( Park Eun-Ju ) - Eulji University College of Health Science Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences
설재웅 ( Sull Jae-Woong ) - Eulji University College of Health Science Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences

Abstract


Background: Smoking is a known risk factor for decreasing pulmonary function. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between smoking and lung function considering obesity and age group.

Methods: This study was based on the data collected during the 2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES VII). A total of 3,411 adults were retrieved from KNHANES VII. Among 3,411 adults, we studied 1,411 male subjects. Impaired lung function was measured by spirometry at least twice. Data were analyzed using one way analysis of variance.

Results: In this study, forced expiratory volume in the first second was associated with smoking status (P=0.024). The association was stronger in old subjects (P=0.008). Also, in the obese group, the association of lung function with smoking status was not significant, but the association was significant in the non-obese group (P=0.019).

Conclusions: In this study, Smoking was significantly associated with impaired lung function. The association was stronger in old men and obese men. In order to obtain an accurate assessment of the association between smoking and pulmonary function values, further prospective cohort study in the future is necessary.

키워드

Smoking, Respiratory function tests, Obesity, Forced expiratory volume

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