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우리나라 노인 남녀에서 동반 식사 횟수에 따른 영양소 섭취 수준과 대사증후군 유병률 비교: 2013-2017년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여

Comparison of Nutrient Intake and the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome According to the Frequency of Eating with Others in the Elderly: Based on the 2013-2017 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

대한임상건강증진학회지 2020년 20권 4호 p.156 ~ 164
김현경, 정자용,
소속 상세정보
김현경 ( Kim Hyun-Kyung ) - Kyung Hee University College of Human Ecology Department of Food and Nutrition
정자용 ( Chung Ja-Yong ) - Kyung Hee University College of Human Ecology Department of Food and Nutrition

Abstract


Background: The objective of this study was to examine the association between the nutritional status and the risk of metabolic syndrome according to the frequency of eating with others in elderly men and women.

Methods: This study included 4,562 subjects (≥ 65 years) from the 2013-2017 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Survey logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between the frequency of eating with others per day (0, 1-2, 3 times/day) and nutrient intake and metabolic syn- drome, adjusted for the related confounding variables.

Results: In elderly men, eating with others was significantly associated with a higher intake of vitamin C, phos- phorus, and iron. Additionally, elderly men who ate with others 0 time/day had an adjusted odds ratio of 3.08 (95% confidence interval, 1.43-6.62) for overall nutrient intake insufficiency as compared to elderly men who ate with others 3 times/day. In elderly women, eating with others was significantly associated with a higher in- take of energy. However, no association was found between the frequency of eating with others and risk of met- abolic syndrome in either sex.

Conclusions: Our study findings suggest that frequently eating with others may improve the nutritional status in both elderly men and women.

키워드

Eating; Behavior; Metabolic syndrome; Aged; Korea

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