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Population Attributable Fraction of Established Modifiable Risk Factors on Colorectal Cancer in Korea

Cancer Research and Treatment 2021년 53권 2호 p.480 ~ 486
주수영, 신애선,
소속 상세정보
주수영 ( Cho Soo-Young ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
신애선 ( Shin Ae-Sun ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine

Abstract


Purpose: We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) of established risk factors for colorectal cancer, to provide evidence for prioritizing cancer prevention policy.

Materials and Methods: The exposure prevalence was calculated by using data from the 2005 Korean National Health Examination Survey for tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, physical inactivity, and meat intake. Risk estimates (relative risks) were selected from the published meta-analyses. Cancer incidence data from the Korea Central Cancer Registry were used to estimate the preventable number of colorectal cancer cases in 2015.

Results: The PAFs of the tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, physical inactivity, and consumption of red and processed meat were as follows: 9.2%, 11.1%, 9.1%, 18.9%, and 10.1% for colon cancer and 21.8%, 12.3%, 3.5%, 5.3%, and 9.2% for rectal cancer among men; 1.0%, 1.3%, 2.7%, 12.3% and 9.2% for colon cancer and 1.7%, 2.3%, 0.8%, 7.2%, and 8.3% for rectal cancer among women. The PAFs of selected risk factors were 46.2% for colon and 42.4% for rectum among men, while 24.3% for colon and 18.9% for rectum among women. The attributable numbers of colon and rectal cancer to selected risk factors were 4,028 and 3,049 cases among men, respectively, while 1,644 and 778 cases among women in the year of 2015.

Conclusion: Changes in modifiable risk factors could prevent half of the colorectal cancer in the Korean population.

키워드

Colorectal neoplasms; Population attributable fraction; Risk Factors; Lifestyle; Republic of Korea

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