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고등학생의 코로나 19 예방행위와 영향요인 연구

COVID-19 Prevention Behavior and Its Affecting Factors in High School Students

보건의료산업학회지 2020년 14권 4호 p.215 ~ 225
서영미, 최원희,
소속 상세정보
서영미 ( Seo Yeong-Mi ) - Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology Department of Nursing
최원희 ( Choi Won-Hee ) - Kyungsung University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the degree of COVID-19 prevention behavior and to identify its affecting factors among high school students. The participants were 135 students from two high schools located in J city.

Methods: Data were collected from July 20 to 27, 2020 using self-reported questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics: t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis using IBM SPSS 25.0.

Results: The subjects got a mean of 2.89 in COVID-19 prevention behavior (range 1-4). The factors that affected the COVID-19 prevention behavior revealed grade (β=-.352, p<.001), gender (β=-.374, p<.001), subjective health status (β=.186, p=.040), perceived susceptibility (β=.182, p=.038), and self-efficacy (β=-.172, p=.030). These factors explained 38.3% of the variance in COVID-19 prevention behavior.

Conclusions: The results indicated that high school students have not taken enough COVID-19 prevention behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to develop intervention strategies to improve the practice of COVID-19 prevention behavior among high school students, including subjective health status, perceived susceptibility, and self-efficacy.

키워드

코로나 19 예방행위; 주관적 건강상태; 코로나 19 건강신념; 고등학생
COVID-19 Prevention Behavior; Subjective Health Status; COVID-19 Health Belief; High School Students

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