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소규모사업장 근로자 건강관리의 발전과 방안

Development of Health Management for Small Business Workers

한국직업건강간호학회지 2021년 30권 1호 p.28 ~ 35
이윤정,
소속 상세정보
이윤정 ( Yi Yun-Jeong ) - Kyungin Women’s University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to review the status of Health Management for Small Business Workers in Korea.

Methods: We reviewed empirical or theoretical literature.

Results: 98.8% of all workplaces are small businesses with less than 50 employees, and 79.8% are businesses with less than 5 employees. 65.2% of all workers work at small businesses, and 26.4% work at workplaces with less than 5 employees. Although the disaster rate of small businesses is decreasing every year, it is 7.5‰ as of 2019, which is higher than the overall disaster rate of 5.8‰. In particular, the disaster rate of businesses with fewer than five employees is 11.5‰, which is very high. Small businesses have no obligation to appoint safety managers and health managers.

Conclusion: Manufacturing businesses with more than 30 employees and less than 50 employees should have a safety and health agent, but businesses with less than 30 employees have not been managed. Health management strategies for workers at small businesses include strengthening the regulation system, strengthening educational public relations to strengthen the awareness of employers and workers, expanding workers' health centers and expanding financial support projects.

키워드

소규모사업장; 건강관리; 전략
Small business workers; Health management; Strategy

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