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A phenomenological study on the meaning of presence of elderly participants in an exercise-music program

Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 2020년 9권 4호 p.295 ~ 301
김경순, 정현철,
소속 상세정보
김경순 ( Kim Kyung-Sun ) - Kyungbuk College Department of Nursing
정현철 ( Jeong Hyeon-Cheol ) - Sahmyook University College of Nursing

Abstract


Objective: The reason why it is important to look at the benefits of exercise-music experience perceived by the elderly is that the satisfaction of life in old age is a meaningful reflection of the subjective perception of the life of the elderly. This is because it must be understood as the center.

Design: A qualitative study.

Methods: Participants are senior citizens attending senior citizens’ college located in Eumseong city. Those who have taken an exercise-music song program for at least one semester served as the participants. Individual interviews were conducted by selecting 10 people through purposeful sampling. The collected data were analyzed by applying Colaizzi’s method among phenomenological methods. The exercise-music program was conducted for 12 weeks, for a total of 50 minutes for each time (10 minutes for introduction, 35 minutes for music, 5 minutes for finishing).

Results: As a result of the study, the experience of the exercise-music program was derived into 6 categories and 13 subjects. These 6 main categories are ‘Changes from the developmental crisis’, ‘Freedom from the confines of others’, ‘Positive emotions found through songs’, ‘Feeling of peer and fellowship relationships’, ‘Changes in self-awareness’, It appeared as a ‘Change in the way of life’.

Conclusions: In conclusion, the experience of the exercise-music program brought about a positive changes in life of doing one’s best by improving confidence and confirming presence. Therefore, this study suggests activation of senior college programs to find a sense of presence for each level by using exercise-music programs with good accessibility.

키워드

Aged; Exercise; Music therapy; Qualitative research

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