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The Relation between Body Composition of the Aged and the Change of Physical Fitness Level through Complex Exercise Training for 12 weeks

Zoo Suk-Bum, 최유림, 심기철, 김미정, 최완석, 구자풍, 이석희, 이상빈,
소속 상세정보
 ( Zoo Suk-Bum ) - Daegu Science University
최유림 ( Choi Yoo-Rim ) - Daegu Science College
심기철 ( Sim Ki-Cheol ) - Dongshin University
김미정 ( Kim Mi-Jung ) - Yongin University
최완석 ( Choi Wan-Suk ) - International University of Korea
구자풍 ( Koo Ja-Pung ) - Pohang College
이석희 ( Lee Suk-Hee ) - Changwon Moonsung University
이상빈 ( Lee Sang-Bin ) - Namseoul University

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to investigate and reveal the effects that the complex exercise training consisting of aerobic exercise and strength training(sit up, push up) that everyone can easily practice regardless of a time and a place in order to manage practically the physical strength of the aged affects the difference on their body composition and the change of physical fitness level. Looking into the change of body composition of an experimental group, the weight of 2.5kg was reduced after applying complex training for 12 weeks and the body fat mass of 2.65kg was reduced. Also, the abdominal fat of 0.13% was decreased and the muscle mass of 1.56kg was increased. For the change factors of physical fitness, cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, balance and flexibility excluding agility showed significant improvement after applying complex exercise training. The improvement of health fitness of the aged under this study was significantly effective to improve specified body functions which had been lowered by aging and insufficient physical activities. So, it is regarded that their health fitness is the important factor to improve the activity competence required for daily life and to lead healthy living by the improved activity competence. Henceforth, it needs to study more the complex composition of several sports, exercise intensity and the frequency based on the previous researches and studies. In addition, it needs to develop the complex exercise training in accordance with various characteristics such as a sex of the aged, an age, a physical fitness level, environment, a disease and the program in consideration of the efficacy and safety during training.

키워드

Complex Exercise Training; Physical Fitness; Fitness Level

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