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Short-term Benefits of Mobilization for Patients with Non- Specific Neck Pains: Executive Function and Neck Pain Intensity

최완석, 허서윤,
소속 상세정보
최완석 ( Choi Wan-Suk ) - International University of Korea Department of Physical Therapy
허서윤 ( Heo Seo-Yoon ) - Kyungbok University Department of Occupational Therapy

Abstract


Background: Cervical mobilization has been applied mainly for the improvement of arm and neck movements and pain reduction, and little research has been done to improve the executive function. Since this kind of so-called mechanical neck pain is one of most common symptoms, there are controversial issues about this with spine alignment. Posteroanterior (PA) mobilization from the Maitland concept is a process of examination, assessment, and treatment of neuromusculoskeletal disorder by manipulative physical therapy.

Objective: To examine the short-term benefits of mobilization for patients with non-specific neck pain.

Design: Dual-group Pretest-Posttest Design from the Quasi-Experimental research

Methods: Fourteen participants (male 8, female 6; 20’s of their age) with nonspecific neck pains which are distributed all the unilateral or bilateral body side were recruited. Participants were categorized to Neck Pain with Movement Coordination Impairments (NPMCI) and Neck Pain with Mobility Deficits (NPMD) groups according to the results of physical examination. Professional physical therapist who has over 15-years-of clinical experience applicated manipulative therapy for the neck pain, an occupational therapist only conducted evaluations; K-NDI (Korean version of the Neck Disability Index), VAS (Visual Analog Scale), BDS-K (Korean version of Behavioral Dyscontrol Scale) for decreasing possible adverse effects; there were no person who reported other symptoms followed 4 weeks from the trial.

Results: In the NPMCI group, data analysis indicated statistical differences between the PA mobilization interventions in NDI and BDS-K; even though, pain was reduced in VAS, this is not a significantly differ. In the NPMD group, data analysis represented statistical differences between the PA mobilization interventions in NDI, VAS and BDS-K; the scores were represented to be increased or the pain got relief.

Conclusions: PA mobilization techniques according to Maitland concept have beneficial effects in patients with neck pain and other clinical positive effects which included neck disability, pain itself and motor function of upper extremity.

키워드

Posteroanterior mobilization; Manipulative therapy; Executive function; Neck pain

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