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Wind Turbine Placement Optimization at the Catholic University of Pusan Using 3-D Drone Mapping

한국환경과학회지 2021년 30권 1호 p.19 ~ 28
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Abstract


To reduce pollution, decrease the production of carbon dioxide, and to maintain a secure supply of energy, interest continues to grow in the area of renewable energy especially since there is a finite supply of cheap oil. Wind energy is one of the most viable options to consider and supply part of the energy needed to reduce dependence on foreign oil. However, it is difficult to predict the wind speed in an environment with many obstacles such as buildings and trees and getting accurate dimensions of those obstacles is difficult particularly on sloped mountainous terrain. In this study a drone was used to create a 3-D map of the campus of the Catholic University of Pusan. The dimensions and elevations for the 3-D map were used to make a model of the school campus in the CFD program Envi-met. Simulations were run for five different wind directions and 4 different elevations to find the location that would give the highest electrical output for a wind turbine. When considering all of these variables it was found that the optimal location was above the Student Union which had a 40% higher wind speed and could produce 274% more electrical power than the original wind speed.

키워드

Envi-Met; CFD; Wind energy; Drone mapping; Optimization

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