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Hip Arthroscopy for Sequelae of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: A Systematic Review

Hip & Pelvis 2021년 33권 1호 p.3 ~ 10
Goyal Tarun, Barik Sitanshu,
소속 상세정보
 ( Goyal Tarun ) - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Department of Orthopaedics
 ( Barik Sitanshu ) - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Department of Orthopaedics

Abstract


There is no clear evidence on indications and outcomes of hip arthroscopy in sequelae of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD). The aim of the current study was to evaluate current literature on the role and outcome of hip arthroscopy in LCPD. A literature search using four databases was conducted in April 2020, focusing on the role of hip arthroscopy in sequelae of LCPD. A systematic search was carried out in confirmation with the Cochrane Collaboration, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A total of nine studies were included in the systematic review. The total number of hip arthroscopies performed for LCPD was 109. The mean age of included patients was 34.8±7.88 years (7?58 years). Recalcitrant hip pain was the main indication for surgery, followed by pain and stiffness. The most common finding in arthroscopy was labral tears, followed by osteochondral lesions of femoral head or acetabulum and intra-articular loose bodies. Consequently, debridement of labrum tears chondroplasty for cartilage defects and osteoplasty for impingement from deformed femoral head (hinged abduction) were commonly performed. A significant improvement in hip function was seen in all studies. Pooled data of Harris hip score showed significant improvement after surgery was conducted. Hip arthroscopy may be beneficial in patients having symptoms of impingement secondary to changes in labrum, femoral head or acetabulum. Limited evidence shows improved function and range of motion after surgery. This treatment has been found to be safe in terms of complication rates and improvement may persist for years.

키워드

Hip arthroscopy; Legg-Calve-Perthes disease; Containment; Labral tears; Pediatric hip

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