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Seizures and Epilepsy in Times of Corona Virus Disease 2019 Pandemic

Journal of Epilepsy Research 2020년 10권 1호 p.3 ~ 7
Parihar Jasmine, Tripathi Manjari, Dhamija Rajinder K.,
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 ( Parihar Jasmine ) - Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals Department of Neurology
 ( Tripathi Manjari ) - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Department of Neurology
 ( Dhamija Rajinder K. ) - Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals Department of Neurology

Abstract


The end of the year 2019 was marked by novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, SARS-CoV-2) outbreak in China that rapidly spread to the rest of the world. While the involvement of the lower respiratory system causing pneumonia is identified as the primary target of the virus, extra-pulmonary manifestations, especially of the central nervous system, are also being increasingly reported. Previous research on Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus and SARS-CoV have shown neurological involvement in human coronavirus infections. While several cases of seizures have been reported in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, there is no specific data to suggest an association of COVID-19 with epilepsy. Epilepsy patients on immunosuppressive medications may have a higher risk of contracting the viral infection. There can be an indirect relation of COVID-19 to epilepsy as the viral infection is associated with fever in most COVID-19 cases, which can lower seizure threshold. Additionally, inadequate sleep and stress due to ongoing pandemic of coronavirus can be another trigger for seizure precipitation in epilepsy patients. Drug compliance, availability of antiepileptic drugs, and drug interactions with COVID-19 experimental drugs are major concerns in epilepsy patients. Adopting telemedicine services and the use of epilepsy helplines may be important in assisting epilepsy patients and ensuring that treatment continues uninterrupted.

키워드

Coronavirus; SARS virus; Epilepsy; Pandemics

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