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농촌 지역사회 노인의 만성질병수와 치매예방행위에 미치는 치매인식의 매개효과

The Mediating Effect of Dementia Recognition on the Number of Chronic Diseases and Dementia Prevention Behaviors of Elders in Rural Communities

한국농촌간호학회지 2020년 15권 2호 p.41 ~ 48
박필남,
소속 상세정보
박필남 ( Park Pil-Nam ) - Pohang University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study was a descriptive study to identify the factors affecting the dementia prevention behavior of elders in rural communities.

Methods: The participants in this study were 125 elders aged 60 or older who lived in Eup or Myeon areas of P city. For data analysis, SPSS/WIN 22.0 was used to perform descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and linear multiple regression and mediated effects.

Results: Scores for dementia recognition, dementia attitude and dementia prevention behavior averaged 5.6±2.50 points in the 0~11 range, 38.8±4.59 in 14~56 and 20.2±3.59 in 10~30 respectively. Dementia recognition (a), dementia attitude (b), dementia prevention behavior (c) and the number of chronic diseases of the elders (d) were positively or negatively correlated with each other (rab=.29, p<.01; rbc=.26, p<.01; rac=.36, p<.01; rad=-.29, p<.01; rcd=.19, p<.05). Factors affecting dementia prevention behavior were dementia recognition, dementia attitude, and degree of dementia interest. When the number of chronic diseases affects dementia prevention behavior, dementia recognition has a mediating effect.

Conclusion: In order to prevent dementia among elders in rural areas, appropriate management of chronic diseases and provision of appropriate dementia-related education and information to enhance dementia recognition should be provided.

키워드

농촌 지역사회노인; 치매인식; 치매예방행위; 만성질병; 매개효과
Rural elderly; Dementia recognition; Dementia prevention behavior; Chronic disease; Mediating effect

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