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위식도 역류질환 환자의 질병 관련 지식이 건강증진행위에 미치는 영향

Influence of Disease Knowledge on Health Promoting Behavior in Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

글로벌 건강과 간호 2021년 11권 1호 p.41 ~ 50
강인순, 강경림, 김명희,
소속 상세정보
강인순 ( Kang In-Soon ) - Samsung Medical Center
강경림 ( Kang Kyoung-Rim ) - Pusan National University College of Nursing
김명희 ( Kim Myung-Hee ) - Pusan National University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to identify the levels of disease-related knowledge and health-promoting behavior and the factors influencing this behavior in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Methods: The subjects were 131 outpatients with gastroesophageal reflux disease for over 18 years, visiting a tertiary hospital from March to April 2018. The data were collected using a structured self-reporting questionnaire on gastroesophageal reflux disease-related knowledge and health-promoting behavior. Statistical analyses were conducted using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression using the IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 program.

Results: The average scores for gastroesophageal reflux disease-related knowledge and health-promoting behavior were 9.98±3.77 and 2.32±0.42, respectively. The results indi-cated a positive correlation between disease-related knowledge and health-promoting behavior (r=.29, p<.001). The significant variables related to health-promoting behavior were added to the model using hierarchical multiple regression. Education (β=.33), smoking habits (β=.23), and disease-related knowledge (β=.19) were the key influencing factors, which explained 25% of the variance in health-promoting behavior. Disease-related knowledge alone accounted for 2.6% of health-promoting behaviors.

Conclusion: The prevalence rates of gastroesophageal reflux disease-related knowledge and health-promoting behavior were generally low in our study population.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease-related knowledge has an impact on health-promoting behavior. The results emphasize the need to equip patients with disease-related knowledge to encourage health-promoting behavior.

키워드

위식도 역류; 식도염; 생활양식; 지식; 건강행위
Gastroesophageal reflux; Esophagitis; Life style; Knowledge; Health behavior

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