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The effect of different confluence confirmation strategies on the obturation of Vertucci type II canal: micro-CT analysis

Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics 2021년 46권 1호 p.12 ~ 12
도승재, 서민석,
소속 상세정보
도승재 ( Do Seung-Jae ) - Wonkwang University Daejeon Dental Hospital Department of Conservative Dentistry
서민석 ( Seo Min-Seock ) - Wonkwang University Daejeon Dental Hospital Department of Conservative Dentistry

Abstract


Objectives: The present study aims to compare the obturation quality of 2 confluence confirmation techniques in artificial maxillary first premolars showing Vertucci type II root canal configuration.

Materials and Methods: Thirty artificial maxillary premolars having Vertucci type II root canal configuration were made. They were divided into 3 groups according to the confluence confirmation technique as follows. Gutta-percha indentation (GPI) group (confluence confirmation using a gutta-percha cone and a K file); electronic apex locator (EAL) group (confluence confirmation using K files and EAL); and no confluence detection (NCD) group. In the GPI group and the EAL group, shaping and obturation were performed with the modified working length (WL). In the NCD group, shaping was performed without WL adjustment and obturation was carried out with an adjusted master cone. Micro-computed tomography was used before preparation and after obturation to calculate the percentage of gutta-percha occupied volume (%GPv) and the volume increase in the apical 4 mm. Data were analyzed using 1-way analysis of variance and post hoc Tukey's test.

Results: Statistically significant difference was not found in terms of the %GPv from the apex to apical 4 mm. However, the NCD group showed a statistically significant volume increase compared with the EAL group (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: In terms of gutta-percha occupied volume, no significant difference was observed among the 3 groups. Confluence confirmation using an EAL in teeth with Vertucci type II configuration showed less volume increase during canal shaping compared with no confluence confirmation.

키워드

Artificial teeth; Confluence; Micro computed tomography; Obturation

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