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노인의 균형과 보행 기능에 대한 운동상상훈련과 과제 지향훈련의 효과 : 사례군 연구

Effects of Motor Imagery Training and Task-oriented Training on Balance and Walking Function in Elderly : Case Series

한국신경근육재활학회지 2020년 10권 2호 p.28 ~ 39
오동식,
소속 상세정보
오동식 ( Oh Dong-Sik ) - Hanseo University Department of Physical Therapy

Abstract


Motor imagery is the mental representation of movement without any body movement. It has been reported that showing positive results to improve balance and walking in neural rehabilitation. This study aimed to prove the effects of motor imagery with functional training on fall efficacy in elderly people as well as balance and gait, and to investigate whether motor imagery training can be used as a possible intervention for fall prevention. Three subjects who were over 65 years old participated for this study. Outcome measures were Berg Balance Scale (BBS) to evaluate the subjects’ balance ability, Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) for dynamic balance ability, and Fall Efficacy(FES) to assess fear of falling in the elderly. Also GAITRite System was used to measure gait parameters. Motor imagery training was performed for 1 hour per day, three times per week for six weeks (a total of 18 sessions). The findings suggest that all variables improved after the intervention. Overall, a motor imagery training might be used to enhance balance and gait, fall efficacy in the elderly people.

키워드

Balance; Gait; Falling; Elderly; Motor imagery training

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