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호흡운동을 병행한 몸통 근력운동과 심부 안정화 운동이 배근육 두께와 호흡에 미치는 영향

Effect of Trunk Strength Exercise and Deep Stabilization Exercise Combined with Breathing Exercise on Abdominal Muscle Thickness and Respiration

대한통합의학회지 2020년 8권 3호 p.181 ~ 188
김현수, 이건철, 추연기,
소속 상세정보
김현수 ( Kim Hyeon-Su ) - Kyungnam College of Information and Technology Department of Physical Therapy
이건철 ( Lee Keon-Cheol ) - Kyungnam College of Information and Technology Department of Physical Therapy
추연기 ( Choo Yeon-Ki ) - Guposungshim Hospital Department of Rehabilitation Therapy

Abstract


Purpose : The purpose of this study is to compare the effects on abdominal muscle thickness and breathing by applying trunk strength exercise and deep stabilization exercise along with breathing exercise, which is the main respiratory muscle during breathing, to present an efficient exercise method with diaphragm breathing.

Methods : This study was performed on normal 6 females and 14 males subjects. They were divided into 2 groups which trunk strength exercise and deep stabilization exercise group. The trunk strength exercise group (TSE) attended prone press-up, crunch and pelvic tiling. The deep stabilization exercise group (DSE) attended abdominal drawing, horizontal side-support and bridging exercise. Breathing exercise was performed for each set break time for 1 minute.

Results : First, in the comparison of the change in the thickness of the abdominal muscle between the trunk strength training group and the deep stabilization group before and after exercise, there was a statistically significant difference in the comparison of transverse abdominis (TrA), rectus femoris (RF), external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO) (p<.05). However, there was no significant difference in any comparison between groups (p>.05). Second, in the comparison of changes in respiratory function between the trunk strength exercise group and the deep stabilization exercise group before and after exercise, there were statistically significant differences in the exerted forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF) in the comparison before and after the experiment (p<.05). However, there was no significant difference in any comparison between groups (p>.05).

Conclusion : As a result of this study, it can be said that both trunk strength exercises and deep stabilization exercises along with diaphragm breathing are exercises that strengthen deep and superficial muscles, and have a positive effect on breathing function as well as muscle strength. However, it is not known which exercise was more effective, and because it was combined with breathing exercise, the interference effect appeared.

키워드

abdominal muscle thickness; breathing exercise; deep stabilization exercise; respiration; trunk strength exercise

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