잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Differential Angiogenic Responses of Human Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells to Different Molecular Subtypes of Breast Cancer Cells

Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis 2021년 10권 1호 p.111 ~ 122
소속 상세정보

Abstract


Objective: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is one subtype of breast cancer. It is characterized by lack of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Compared with non-TNBC, TNBC is more aggressive, of higher grade, and frequently metastatic with poor prognosis, which is correlated with upregulated microvascular density. Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) mediate neovascularization, which is the crucial contributor to cancer growth and metastasis. The present study aimed to determine whether angiogenic responses of ECFCs are regulated differently by TNBC compared with non-TNBC.

Methods: MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 cells were utilized for TNBC and non-TNBC, respectively. Bone-marrow-derived human ECFCs were treated with a conditioned medium (CM) of cancer cells to investigate the paracrine effect on angiogenesis. Also, ECFCs were co-cultured with cancer cells to evaluate the angiogenic effect of direct cell-to-cell interaction. Angiogenic responses of ECFCs were evaluated by proliferation, migration, and tube formation. Gene expression profiles of pro-angiogenic factors were also analyzed.

Results: Migration and tube formation of ECFCs were increased by treatment with CM of MDA-MB-231, which correlated with a higher gene expression profile of pro-angiogenic factors in MDA-MB-231 compared to MCF7. Interestingly, ECFCs co-cultured with MDA-MB-231 showed further increase of tube formation, suggesting synergic mechanisms between the paracrine effect and direct interaction between the cells.

Conclusion: The angiogenic potential of ECFCs was enhanced by TNBC through both direct and indirect mechanisms. Therefore, the investigation of signaling pathways to regulate ECFC-mediated angiogenesis will be important to the discovery of anti-angiogenic therapies to treat TNBC patients.

키워드

Triple negative breast cancer; Endothelial progenitor cells; Angiogenic effect; Conditioned medium; Cell-to-cell interaction

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보