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전북지역 중년여성의 건강염려, 건강증진행동 및 삶의 질에 대한 연구

Study on health anxiety issues, health-promoting behavior, and quality of life of middle-aged women in Jeonbuk area

Journal of Nutrition and Health 2020년 53권 6호 p.613 ~ 628
전선영, 정성석, 노정옥,
소속 상세정보
전선영 ( Jeon Sun-Young ) - Jeonbuk National University Graduate School of Education Major of Nutrition Education
정성석 ( Chung Sung-Suk ) - Chonbuk National University Department of Statistics
노정옥 ( Rho Jeong-Ok ) - Chonbuk National University Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the health anxiety issues of middle-aged women, their health-promoting behavior, and quality of life as well as to examine the relationship between these variables.

Methods: The participants were 334 women in Jeonbuk area. Demographic characteristics, the status of health anxiety, health-promoting behavior, and life quality was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. The data were analyzed using a t-test, analysis of variance, Duncan test, and hierarchical regression analysis with SPSS ver. 24.0.

Results: The score for health anxiety was 37.64 points out of a possible score of 60, and the score for health-promoting behavior was 79.18 points out of a possible score of 115. The score for the quality of life was 101.18 points out of a possible score of 150. The health anxiety scores showed significant differences, varying as per body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.05), income (p < 0.05), occupation (p < 0.05), disease (p < 0.05), satisfaction with weight (p < 0.05), and interest in weight control (p < 0.05). The health-promoting behavior showed significant differences according to age (p < 0.01), BMI (p < 0.01), income (p < 0.05), menses (p < 0.05), intake of dietary supplements (p < 0.05), perception of body image (p < 0.05), and satisfaction with weight (p < 0.05). The quality of life showed significant differences according to BMI (p < 0.05), income (p < 0.01), education level (p < 0.05), occupation (p < 0.05), disease (p < 0.05), and satisfaction with weight (p < 0.05). Regression analysis showed that health-promoting behavior was the most influential variable on the quality of life, followed by disease and health anxiety.

Conclusion: Based on these results, we conclude that it is necessary to consider educational programs on improving the quality of life of middle-aged women according to the health anxiety levels and health-promoting behavior.

키워드

health; quality of life; women; regression analysis

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