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Lasers and Robots: Recent Developments in Transoral Laser and Transoral Robotic Surgery

Padalhin Andrew Reyes,
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 ( Padalhin Andrew Reyes ) - University of the Philippines Los Banos

Abstract


Transoral microsurgery has come a long way as a go-to surgical intervention technique for head and neck cancers. This minimally invasive procedure had gained acceptance through comparative clinical studies against radical neck surgical procedures, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Laser technology has vastly improved the oncological outcomes of this procedure and brought about an appreciation of transoral laser surgery (TLM) as a mainstay for re-sectioning malignant tumors along the throat. As an established procedure, TLM has undergone several upgrades regarding the different energy devices used for cutting, ablation, and hemostasis. Continued advances in automation have eventually led to surgical robotics, resulting in the emergence of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) as a viable advanced alternative for TLM. Similarly, expansions and enhancements (image-based guidance, fluorescence spectroscopy, and advanced robotic system) have also been investigated as potential upgrades for TORS. This paper reviews a selection of publications on the significant technological advancements to TLM and TORS over the past five years.

키워드

Transoral surgery; Laser; Robot; Cancer

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