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Efficacy of the Envelope Method in Applying Polyglycolic Acid Sheets to Post-Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection Ulcers in Living Pigs

Clinical Endoscopy 2021년 54권 1호 p.64 ~ 72
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Abstract


Background/Aims: Application of polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets using fibrin glue in post-endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) ulcers to prevent bleeding has been reported to be difficult with the conventional delivery method because of gravity. This study assessed the usefulness of the envelope-based delivery system with and against gravity in living pigs.

Methods: PGA sheets were applied on post-ESD ulcers with and against gravity six times each using the conventional and envelope methods, respectively. The PGA sheet delivery time and the endoscopic and histological findings of the treated ulcer floors were compared.

Results: With gravity, the median PGA sheet application time was 1.00 (0.68?1.30) min/cm2 and 0.32 (0.18?0.52) min/cm2 with the conventional and envelope techniques (p=0.002), respectively, and against gravity, it was 1.20 (1.13?1.63) min/cm2 and 0.50 (0.39?0.58) min/cm2 (p=0.002), respectively. Against gravity, the endoscopic and histological findings revealed that the conventional group had insufficient fixation of the PGA sheets, but the envelope groups had sufficient fixation. The results with gravity were similar between the groups.

Conclusions: The envelope method makes it possible to deliver PGA sheets to the stomach quickly and cover ulcers appropriately both with and against gravity in living pigs.

키워드

Endoscopic submucosal dissection; Fibrin tissue adhesive; Gastrointestinal hemorrhage; Polyglycolic acid; Stomach

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