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Differentiation of cystic biliary atresia and choledochal cysts using prenatal ultrasonography

Ultrasonography 2022년 41권 1호 p.140 ~ 149
Chen Lizhu, He Fujiao, Zeng Kaihui, Wang Bing, Li Jingyu, Zhao Dan, Yang Zeyu, Ren Weidong,
소속 상세정보
 ( Chen Lizhu ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound
 ( He Fujiao ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound
 ( Zeng Kaihui ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound
 ( Wang Bing ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound
 ( Li Jingyu ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound
 ( Zhao Dan ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound
 ( Yang Zeyu ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound
 ( Ren Weidong ) - China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Department of Ultrasound

Abstract


Purpose: This study explored the performance of prenatal ultrasonography in the differential diagnosis of cystic biliary atresia (CBA) and choledochal cyst (CC).

Methods: Fetuses diagnosed with hepatic hilar cyst in the second trimester were included in this study. A series of prenatal ultrasound examinations were performed in the second and third trimesters. The diameter of the gallbladder (GB) and hepatic cyst were measured, as well as the wall thickness of the GB. The GB-cyst connection, visibility of the right hepatic artery (RHA), and other concomitant abnormalities were carefully evaluated. A neonatal transabdominal ultrasound examination was performed within 1 week after birth, and clinical data were followed up to 6 months after birth.

Results: Between January 1, 2016 and January 31, 2020, 53 fetuses diagnosed with hepatic hilar cyst were recruited. Eight were excluded because they were lost to follow-up. Among the 45 cases included in this study, 10 were diagnosed with CBA and 35 with CC after birth. Statistically significant differences were found in GB width, wall thickness, change in GB width, change in cyst length, GB-cyst connection, and RHA visibility between the CBA and CC groups. GB width showed the best diagnostic performance with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.899. The combination of GB width, GB wall thickness, and GB-cyst connection yielded a comparable AUC of 0.971.

Conclusion: The GB should be carefully evaluated in fetuses with hepatic hilar cyst. Prenatal ultrasound findings could provide suggestive parameters for the differential diagnosis of CBA from CC.

키워드

Ultrasonography; Cystic biliary atresia; Choledochal cyst; Fetus; Prenatal diagnosis

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