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청소년 정신건강 및 음주행태가 흡연에 미치는 영향: 청소년건강행태조사 2019년 데이터를 활용하여

Effects of Mental Health and Drinking Behavior on Youth Smoking: Using the 2019 Youth Health Behavior Survey

가정의학 2021년 11권 2호 p.127 ~ 134
이탄, 이민우, 신문수, 김성준,
소속 상세정보
이탄 ( Lee Tan ) - Gimpo Woori Hospital Department of Family Medicine
이민우 ( Lee Min-Woo ) - Gimpo Woori Hospital Department of Family Medicine
신문수 ( Shin Moon-Soo ) - Gimpo Woori Hospital Department of Family Medicine
김성준 ( Kim Sung-Jun ) - Gimpo Woori Hospital Department of Family Medicine

Abstract


Background: Using the results of the 2019 Youth Health Behavior Survey, this study examines youth mental health and drinking behaviors and their impact on youth smoking to suggest appropriate control methods for the youth smoking problem.

Methods: Of 60,100 students who participated in the 2019 survey, 57,303 responded completely to the survey. A total of three smoking statuses were set in this study; from which 7,680 (the smoking group) answered “yes,” and 49,623 (the non-smoking group) answered “no.” For this study, 13 cause variables were included using five social-demographic factors, four mental health factors, and four drinking behavior factors. Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the effect of the cause variables on the outcome variables.

Results: According to the analysis, sex, school grade, academic performance in the last year, sexual experience, stress recognition, fatigue recovery in the last seven days, sadness and despair experiences in the last year, and suicidal thinking in the last year are significant factors for smoking. Moreover, lifetime drinking experience, drinking days over the last 30 days, average drinking amount in the last 30 days, and being drunk in the last 30 days are also significant.

Conclusion: Specialized smoking-related guidance is necessary by considering sex, age, school type, academic performance, and sexual experience. An overall mental health management system including students sleeping patterns should be implemented to closely examine drinking behavior, which is strongly related to smoking, and approach drinking problems from an integrated perspective that includes smoking problems.

키워드

Youth Smoking; Mental Health; Drinking Behavior; Logistic Regression Analysis

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