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The Evolving Policy Debate on Border Closure in Korea

Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2020년 53권 5호 p.302 ~ 306
강수진, 문지현, 강희원, 남희경, 탁상우, 조성일,
소속 상세정보
강수진 ( Kang Su-Jin ) - Seoul National University Institute of Health and Environment
문지현 ( Moon Ji-Hyun ) - Sungkyunkwan University Samsung Advanced Institute of Health Science and Technology
강희원 ( Kang Hee-Won ) - Seoul National University Institute of Health and Environment
남희경 ( Nam Hee-Kyoung ) - Seoul National University Graduate School of Public Health Department of Public Health Sciences
탁상우 ( Tak Sang-Woo ) - Seoul National University Institute of Health and Environment
조성일 ( Cho Sung-Il ) - Seoul National University Institute of Health and Environment

Abstract


Objectives: In this paper, we aimed to investigate the evolving debate over border closure in Korea during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, to address the main themes associated with border closure, and to discuss the factors that need to be considered when making such decisions.

Method: We collated and reviewed previously conducted review studies on border closures during infectious disease outbreaks to derive relevant themes and factors.

Results: According to our systematic review on border closures and travel restrictions, the effects of such containment efforts are limited. We suggest considering the following factors when determining whether to impose border closure measures: (1) disease characteristics, (2) timeliness of implementation, (3) transmission delay and the basic reproduction number, (4) globalization and pandemics, and (5) social and economic costs.

Conclusions: Our assessment indicates that the effects of border closures are at best temporary and limited. Alternative measures must be contemplated and implemented to suppress the spread of COVID-19 in particular and infectious diseases more broadly.

키워드

COVID-19 pandemic; Infectious diseases; Control measure; Policy; Border closure

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