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Sexual Intercourse and Its Correlates Among School-aged Adolescents in Indonesia: Analysis of the 2015 Global School-based Health Survey

Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2020년 53권 5호 p.323 ~ 331
Rizkianti Anissa, Maisya Iram Barida, Kusumawardani Nunik, Linhart Christine, Pardosi Jerico Franciscus,
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 ( Rizkianti Anissa ) - National Institute of Health Research and Development Centre for Research and Development of Public Health Efforts
 ( Maisya Iram Barida ) - National Institute of Health Research and Development Centre for Research and Development of Public Health Efforts
 ( Kusumawardani Nunik ) - National Institute of Health Research and Development Centre for Research and Development of Public Health Efforts
 ( Linhart Christine ) - University of New South Wales Faculty of Medicine School of Public Health and Community Medicine
 ( Pardosi Jerico Franciscus ) - National Institute of Health Research and Development Centre for Research and Development of Public Health Efforts

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of sexual intercourse among junior secondary and high school students in Indonesia from the 2015 Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS).

Method: The survey was conducted among 11 110 students from 75 schools in Indonesia using a self-administered questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to explore associations between sexual intercourse and socio-demographic variables, substance use, mental distress, and protective factors.

Results: Overall, 5.3% of students reported having ever had sex (6.9% of boys and 3.8% of girls). Of students who engaged in sexual intercourse, 72.7% of boys and 90.3% of girls had an early sexual debut (before reaching the age of 15) and around 60% had multiple sex partners. Sexual intercourse was associated with gender, school grade, smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use, suicidal ideation, truancy, peer support, and parental supervision.

Conclusions: These findings indicate a pressing need to develop more comprehensive sexual health education in the national curriculum. An effective strategy should also address other risky behaviours.

키워드

Sexual behaviour; Adolescent; Sexual intercourse; Students; Global School-based Health Survey; Indonesia

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