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The Aassociation Between the Basic Old-Age Pension and Depression of the Older Adults in Korea

Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2020년 53권 5호 p.332 ~ 341
김재원, 이태진, 김정석,
소속 상세정보
김재원 ( Kim Jae-Won ) - Seoul National University Institute of Health and Environment
이태진 ( Lee Tae-Jin ) - Seoul National University Institute of Health and Environment
김정석 ( Kim Cheong-Seok ) - Dongguk University Department of Sociology

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the Basic Old-Age Pension (BOP), which is a noncontributory pension, and depression in BOP beneficiaries in Korea.

Method: We used the second and third waves (2007-2008) of the Korea Welfare Panel Study to identify the effect of the BOP on mental health in the year of its introduction. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, applied in a Korean context, was used to evaluate mental health. To analyze the effect of the BOP, a difference-in-difference approach was used in analyses of all subjects and subgroups.

Results: For this study population of 760 adults, the BOP did not have a statistically significant relationship with depression in its beneficiaries. After controlling for type of household, the BOP was still not associated with lower reporting of depression, either in singlebeneficiary or double-beneficiary households, in the year of the benefit.

Conclusions: The BOP policy had no significant relationship with the level of depression among recipients. However, this should not be interpreted as implying that income subsidy programs for older adults, such as the BOP, do not affect mental health, considering the importance of economic hardship in this population and the program’s socioeconomic effects.

키워드

Pensions; Depression; Mental health; Public policy

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