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Mainstreaming of Health Equity in Infectious Disease Control Policy During the COVID-19 Pandemic Era

최홍조, 김성이, 김정우, 박유경, 김명희,
소속 상세정보
최홍조 ( Choi Hong-Jo ) - Konyang University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
김성이 ( Kim Seong-Yi ) - Konyang University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
김정우 ( Kim Jung-Woo ) - Konyang University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
박유경 ( Park Yu-Kyung ) - Kangwon National University Hospital Department of Preventive Medicine
김명희 ( Kim Myoung-Hee ) - People s Health Institute

Abstract


The Korean government’s strategy to combat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has focused on non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as social distancing and wearing masks, along with testing, tracing, and treatment; overall, its performance has been relatively good compared to that of many other countries heavily affected by COVID-19. However, little attention has been paid to health equity in measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic. The study aimed to examine the unequal impacts of COVID-19 across socioeconomic groups and to suggest potential solutions to tackle these inequalities. The pathways linking social determinants and health could be entry points to tackle the unequal consequences of this public health emergency. It is crucial for infectious disease policy to consider social determinants of health including poor housing, precarious working conditions, disrupted healthcare services, and suspension of social services. Moreover, the high levels of uncertainty and complexity inherent in this public health emergency, as well as the health and socioeconomic inequalities caused by the pandemic, underscore the need for good governance other than top-down measures by the government. We emphasize that a people-centered perspective is a key approach during the pandemic era. Mutual trust between the state and civil society, strong accountability of the government, and civic participation are essential components of cooperative disaster governance.

키워드

Health equity; COVID-19; Infectious disease; Health policy; Right to health

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