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Is Job Insecurity Worse for Mental Health Than Having a Part-time Job in Canada?

Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2021년 54권 2호 p.110 ~ 118
김일호, Choi Cyu-Chul, Urbanoski Karen, 박정위, 김지만,
소속 상세정보
김일호 ( Kim Il-Ho ) - Dongguk University Center for Collaborative Research on Population and Society
 ( Choi Cyu-Chul ) - Western University Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry
 ( Urbanoski Karen ) - University of Victoria
박정위 ( Park Jung-Wee ) - University of Ottawa
김지만 ( Kim Ji-Man ) - Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service

Abstract


Objectives: A growing number of people depend on flexible employment, characterized by outsider employment status and perceived job insecurity. This study investigated whether there was a synergistic effect of employment status (full-time vs. part-time) and perceived job insecurity on major depressive disorder.

Method: Data were derived from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health of 12 640 of Canada’s labor force population, aged 20 to 74. By combining employment status with perceived job insecurity, we formed four employment categories: fulltime secure, full-time insecure, part-time secure, and part-time insecure.

Results: Results showed no synergistic health effect between employment status and perceived job insecurity. Regardless of employment status (full-time vs. part-time), insecure employment was significantly associated with a high risk of major depressive disorder. Analysis of the interaction between gender and four flexible employment status showed a gender-contingent effect on this link in only full-time insecure category. Men workers with full-time insecure jobs were more likely to experience major depressive disorders than their women counterparts.

Conclusions: This study’s findings imply that perceived job insecurity may be a critical factor for developing major depressive disorder, in both men and women workers.

키워드

Employment; Gender; Major depressive disorder; Perceived job insecurity

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