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Evaluating the Influence of the Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP) on Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure, and Weight

Journal of Lifestyle Medicine 2021년 11권 1호 p.33 ~ 37
Davis Jennifer Leigh,
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 ( Davis Jennifer Leigh ) - Clarke University Department of Graduate Nursing

Abstract


Background: Diabetes, hypertension, and obesity are vastly prevalent in the United States. Lifestyle modification programs can aid in controlling chronic disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate the health outcomes of the Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP) concerning blood glucose, blood pressure, and weight. CHIP is a lifestyle medicine education program involving diet modification and increased physical activity.

Methods: A quantitative, summative program evaluation was performed to measure the outcomes of CHIP. Pre and post data sets were collected on 73 individuals who completed the 12-week CHIP program. Pre and post program blood glucose levels, blood pressure readings, and weight measurements were analyzed using a paired t-test with a 95% confidence level. Analysis determined influence of the intervention on the biomarkers.

Results: The post-intervention group means showed decreases in blood glucose, blood pressure, and weight. Statistical analysis revealed significant decreases in blood glucose (p = 0.008) and weight (p = 0.000). Blood pressure readings did not have statistically significant decreases (p = 0.403); however, the pre-intervention blood pressure readings were in the normotensive range.

Conclusion: Results indicated that the Complete Health Improvement Program decreased participants’ blood glucose levels, blood pressure readings, and weight measurements. Statistically significant decreases in blood glucose and weight suggest enhanced control of diabetes and obesity through utilization of CHIP.

키워드

Educational activities; Diabetes mellitus; Healthy lifestyle; Hypertension; Obesity

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