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Accuracy of periodontal probe visibility in the assessment of gingival thickness

Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science 2021년 51권 1호 p.30 ~ 39
김영성, 박지선, 장영훈, 손정훈, 김원경, 이영규, 김수환,
소속 상세정보
김영성 ( Kim Young-Sung ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Periodontics
박지선 ( Park Ji-Sun ) - Seoul S Dental Clinic
장영훈 ( Jang Young-Hun ) - Seoul Smart Dental Clinic
손정훈 ( Son Jung-Hun ) - Seoul OK Dental Clinic
김원경 ( Kim Won-Kyung ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Periodontics
이영규 ( Lee Young-Kyoo ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Periodontics
김수환 ( Kim Su-Hwan ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Department of Periodontics

Abstract


Purpose: The present study was undertaken to examine whether periodontal probe visibility (PV) accurately reflects gingival thickness (GT) and to identify factors affecting PV using cluster and multivariate analyses.

Methods: The clinical characteristics of the maxillary central incisors (n=90 subjects) were examined. Clinical photographs, sex, PV, probing depth, gingival width, papilla height, GT as measured with an ultrasonic device, and the ratio of crown width to crown length were recorded. Multivariate analysis, using multinomial baseline-category logistic regression, was used to identify factors predictive of PV. Cluster analysis was used to identify gingival biotypes.

Results: In the multivariate analysis, sex was the only significant predictor of PV (odds ratio, 6.48). Two clusters of subjects were created based on morphometric parameters. The mean GT among cluster A subjects was significantly lower than that among cluster B subjects (P=0.015). No significant difference was found between cluster A and B subjects in terms of PV score (P=0.583).

Conclusions: Periodontal PV was not associated with GT as measured directly using an ultrasonic device. Sex was a highly significant predictor of periodontal PV. GT was found to be correlated with morphological characteristics of the periodontium.

키워드

Cluster analysis; Gingiva; Periodontal index; Periodontium; Phenotype; Ultrasonics

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