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Determination of Possible Prognostic Indicators in Dogs with Pyometra

한국임상수의학회지 2020년 37권 4호 p.191 ~ 197
Lee Jun-Am, 김일화, Kang Tae-Ku, 황대연, 강현구,
소속 상세정보
 ( Lee Jun-Am ) - Wellcare Veterinary Hospital
김일화 ( Kim Ill-Hwa ) - Chungbuk National University College of Veterinary Medicine
 ( Kang Tae-Ku ) - Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation Laboratory Animal Center
황대연 ( Hwang Dae-Youn ) - Pusan National University Department of Biomaterial Science
강현구 ( Kang Hyun-Gu ) - Chungbuk National University College of Veterinary Medicine

Abstract


The aims of this study were to analyze canine pyometra cases at Veterinary Medical Center of Chungbuk National University, and to identify prognostic factors of canine pyometra at the stage of diagnosis. Records of cases about intact female dogs presented to Veterinary Medical Center from 2005 to 2019 were used for analysis. A total of 147 intact female dogs with canine pyometra were analyzed from outpatients’ caseload. Median outbreak age was 9.6 years (range, 8 months to 17 years). The highest prevalence of pyometra over 14 years was observed in Maltese (22.4%, n = 33). Urologic disorders (21.8%, n = 32) including acute renal failure and cystic calculi were the most frequently observed concurrent disorders in dogs with pyometra. In other cases of pyometra, tumor (15.0%, n = 29), cardiovascular disorders (15.0%, n = 22) and systemic disorders (10.9%, n = 16) were accompanied with pyometra. The concentrations of BUN, creatinine and glucose were higher than reference range in cases of poor prognosis. According to the binominal logistic regression analysis, prognosis in pyometra was related to abdominal distension (p = 0.036), urologic disorder (p = 0.016), gastrointestinal disorder (p = 0.001), and serum level of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (p = 0.045). This study describes that prognosis of canine pyometra can be predicted at the stage of diagnosis by abdominal distension, urologic disorder, gastrointestinal disorder, and serum level of BUN.

키워드

pyometra; prognostic factor; ovariohysterectomy; dog

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