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Detection of Haemosporidia in Healthy Pet Parrots in South Korea

한국임상수의학회지 2021년 38권 1호 p.1 ~ 6
홍성현, Kim Sung-Ryong, 한재의, 나기정,
소속 상세정보
홍성현 ( Hong Sung-Hyun S. ) - Chungbuk National University College of Veterinary Medicine
 ( Kim Sung-Ryong ) - Chungbuk National University College of Veterinary Medicine
한재의 ( Han Jae-Ik ) - Chonbuk National University College of Veterinary Medicine
나기정 ( Na Ki-Jeong ) - Chungbuk National University College of Veterinary Medicine

Abstract


Avian haemosporidia, including malarial parasites, are geologically and biologically widespread. The protozoal pathogen has been a subject of intensive research in the past, which has resulted in major medical progress. Haemosporidia infection in avian species in South Korea has been studied in wild birds and layer flocks, but not in pet birds. At the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Chungbuk National University, 75 birds that presented for health check-up were tested to evaluate the infection rate of Haemoproteus, Plasmodium and Leucocytozoon in birds without clinical symptoms. Haemoproteus spp. and Leucocytozoon spp. were simultaneously detected in a Major Mitchell’s cockatoo (Lophochroa leadbeateri) by polymerase chain reaction, representing 1.33% of the tested birds. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that the infective Haemoproteus and Leucocytozoon strains were similar to those detected in foreign countries rather than those detected in the wild birds of Korea. Although the infection rate may not be indicative of a substantial infection in healthy pet parrots, the import of infected birds can pose a threat by allowing foreign pathogens to infect the local wild flocks or livestock. This is the first surveillance study of avian haemosporidia in pet parrots in South Korea.

키워드

avian malaria; haemosporidia; Haemoproteus; Leucocytozoon; parrots

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